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Century Plant

We consider the Century Plant as the king of agaves in Austin.

Century Plant

Agave americana

Common Names: Blue Agave, American Aloe, Maguey

Light: Full Sun/Part Shade

Height: 5′ – 7′

Spacing/Spread: 6′ – 11′

Evergreen: Yes.

Color: Rarely blooms .

Interest: Year around evergreen foliage.

Landscape Companions:

Texas Native: Yes, plant is Texas native.


Wildlife habitat: Provides food/shelter for bees, butterflies and birds.

Features: A wonderful iconic agave. Texas native that thrives in Full sun/Part shade. Xeriscape plant.

Austin Native Landscaping: “We consider the Century Plant as the king of agaves in Austin. It is very impressive when big, with its bold structure, and beautiful form. On the rare occasion when it finally blooms, it is a complete show stopper; The stalk bolts to the sky and the showy flowers grace the neighborhood. We love designing this Texas native in our xeriscape flowerbeds. It works beautiful as a single large specimen and also when planted amass with other agaves. Tough and particularity indestructible this Native beauty should be in anyone drought tolerant xeriscape landscape. Works particularly well when planted with ornamental grasses nearby. “



Family: Agavaceae (Pronounced – ah-gav-AY-see-ee)

Genus: Agave (Pronounced – a-GAH-vee)

Species: Americana (Pronounced – a-mer-ih-KAY-na)

Propagation: “Pups”!



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Posted by Reed

  1. […] We are starting to create individual Texas native plants profiles and today we will put the spotlight on Century Plant (Agave americana). […]

  2. […] agave chosen is our tried and true, trusted Agave Americana. Hey, if it aint broken, right? This Century Plant agave is quite common in Austin and Central […]

  3. Linda Bruggemann March 26, 2013 at 3:12 pm

    When my husband planted this “monster” Century Agave 5 years ago neither of us knew how huge it would become (wrong info from the nursery)! It was planted about 2 feet away from the front stoop of our house. I have been cutting away at it, poured bleach and drain cleaner on it, and still can’t kill it!! Any suggestions would be most appreciated. (I have read that I should not hack at it with a chainsaw or anything that might cause the “sap” to splash on my skin).

    1. Linda,
      Yes Agaves tend to get quite huge. I have seen truly behemoth specimens before.

      We always remove them the hard way, that is, shovel at their roots until we can yank it out from the ground. If you don’t leave any pups behind the agave should not regrow.

      By the way, Agaves are extremely resilient and even if you hurt it badly during the dig up it will be easily transplanted and get back to health in a different location.

      Thanks and good luck,


    1. Kathy,
      If you have a century plant. You can expect a huge stalk appearing and extending very tall. Your century plant will likely to die after it blooms. Hopefully there are small agave pups around the mother plant that will take its place.

      Take a bunch of pictures, it is truly a sight to behold.

  5. HELP .. I have numerous agave cactus of various sizes. For the first time since living here, ( 9 years ) the bottom leaves of almost all the cacti are turning yellow. Are the dying? If so, is there anything I can do to help them. I live in Wimberley, rocky soil and of course not too much rain lately.

  6. We xeriscaped last year and a neighbor stopped by with a bunch of agave pups that she’d dug out of her yard. We planted ALL of them, thinking, well, maybe one or two will take, and maybe they’ll be big in 20 years and we’ll see them bloom in our golden retirement years. HA! They’re taking over! It’s like Little Shop of Horrors. Which is fine with us.

  7. Hello,
    We enjoy your site and where wondering if the Agave Plants(Century Plant) are Deer Resistant? We live in San Antonio area and have a herd of young deer that bed down near our home. (2 bucks in this herd, 4 & 6 point this year).
    Also, FYI- Peace Lilys’ (Spathiphyllum) are not Deer Resistant, we HAD several that were about 5′-6′ wide & 4′-5′ tall, 2 of them are still alive & seem to be coming back? Slowly… All were ate down nearly to the ground!

    Scott V.

  8. We have one in the center of the yard, planted in a bed of white rock. It is 10/14 around and is at least 20 ft. tall and still growing. The stock is 10/12 in around and is another 12 ft. tall. We are waiting for it to bloom and wonder how long the blooms will last. We have lots of pups and have tossed many away before we know how nice they can be. My daughter plans to have a couple dozen to sell out in front of the house while it is blooming. It is in a well maintained yard so the beautiful green grass and white rocks really shows off the plant. Its in Jacksonville, Fla. but afraid to give out the address afraid some crazy person will damage the plant

  9. I bought one in a one gallon size container and planted in a large clay pot. It did well, tripling in size during the summer, but in the winter was badly damaged by the frost. The dead leaves are very hard to remove because they are tough and hard to access due to the thorns. I hope new growth will cover the damage.

    1. Mark Hello,
      Yes Agaves are frost sensitive and will get damaged on especially harsh winters, especially so when they are planted in pots.
      But no worry, they are very vigorous plants and will regrow back to health soon enough.